Heat stroke is a medical emergency which occurs when heat exhaustion is left untreated resulting in rapid elevation of body temperature. If untreated immediately heat stroke can be fatal. Knowing the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke and first aid for heat stroke is a most for every individual.
Before one goes to heat stroke, he/she may have the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustions. Heat stroke may not always follow heat exhaustion. Some of the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion are listed as follows:
- Muscle cramps
- Weak pulse and pale face
Although heat exhaustion is not severe medical emergency, fail to treat may lead to heat stroke which is fatal. Warning signs and symptoms of heat stroke may differ from person to person. Some of the common signs and symptoms of heat stroke are listed below:
- Elevated body temperature
- Dry skin and absence of sweating
- Rapid pulse and heart rate
- Breathing difficulty
- Strange behavior or hallucinations
- Agitation, anxiety
- Confusion or coma
Heat stroke is medical emergency, if untreated is very fatal. Follow this first aid for heat stroke
- Call 911immediately or emergency medical help
- Move the person to cool place
- Rescue breathing is the person is not breathing.
- Remove extra clothing and spray cool water and direct air with fan or any paper
- Apply cool ice packs to neck, armpits and groin. Do not immerse the person to ice water.
- Check temperature and try to lower the temperature. Oral and ear temperature may not be accurate, so try rectal temperature.
- If he/she is awake give cool water or any other nonalcoholic beverage. Make sure the person is in sitting position so he/she does not choke.